Resources pertaining to geotechnical field testing and instrumentation includes the following.
FHWA NHI-00-044 - Corrosion/ Degradation of Soil Reinforcements for Mechanically
Earth Stabilized Walls and Reinforced Soil Slopes. Discusses corrosion of metals,
corrosive soil environments, geosynthetic durability and degradation, monitoring and testing
for soil reinforcements.
NAVFAC 7.01 -
Soil Mechanics. This publication includes soil/ rock identification and properties,
field exploration, field testing, instrumentation, laboratory testing, distribution of
stresses, settlement analysis, volume expansion, seepage, erosion control, drainage filters,
slope stability and slope protection.
- Soil Dynamics and Special Design Aspects. Main topics include soil dynamics,
earthquake engineering and special design aspects. Information pertaining to these topics
include machine foundations, impact loadings, dynamic soil properties, slope stability,
bearing capacity, settlement, vibratory compaction, pile driving analysis and field testing,
ground anchor systems, seismic design parameters, liquefaction, sheet pile walls and laboratory
USACE TM 5-818-7 - Foundations in
Expansive Soils. Note: This publication does not have an appendix. For link to appendix,
USACE EM 1110-1-1804 - Geotechnical
Investigations. Note: This publication does not have an appendix. For link to appendix,
USACE TM 5-818-1 - Soils and Geology Procedures for Foundation Design of
Buildings and Other Structures (Except Hydraulic Structures)
References to Geotechnical Laboratory Testing in other Publications
Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, Cold Climate Utilities Manual, Canadian Society for Civil Engineering,
Montreal, 1986. An in-depth publication concerning water facilities. Also has excellent information
pertaining to foundations, roadways, runways, dams, earthwork and soil properties.
Lamb, T.W., and Whitman, R.V., Soil Mechanics, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1969.
Means, R.E., Parcher, J.V., Physical Properties of Soils, Charles E.
Merrill Publishing Company, Columbus, OH, 1963.
Phukan, Arvind, Frozen Ground Engineering, Prentice Hall, Inc.,
Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1985. This publication has information on soil classifications including a
frost susceptibility soil classification, ice descriptions, as well as physical, mechanical and thermal properties of frozen soils. Drilling, sampling and
testing are discussed. This book also includes a foundation design philosophy, and analysis of thaw settlement, shallow foundations, pile foundations,
roadways, airfields, utility systems, and slope stability.
Terzhaghi, K., Peck, R.B., and Mesri, G., Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, 3rd ed.
, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1996.
None available at this time. Do a web search for the specific type of
software needed, such as "boring log software."
Standard Penetration Test (SPT)
One of the most common field tests is the Standard Penetration Test (SPT).
This test provides N-values that are indicative of the soil's relative
density and consistency. Usually, the N-value is the number of blows
required to drive the last 0.30 m (12 in) of an 0.46 (18 in) in length, 51
mm (2 in) diameter split spoon sampler with a 140 pound hammer free falling
0.76 m (30 in). The N-value is sometimes derived from using a brass ring
sampler, and reducing the recorded N-value by 2/3. Many applications require
a corrected N-value, which may be determined in a number of ways depending
on the application.
Another common field test is checking relative density of the soil. This
is done with a sand cone, nuclear densiometer, or balloon method. A cone
penetrometer or dynamic cone penetrometer is frequently used in fine grain
soils. The following powerpoint is a procedure for estimating relative density in the field with hand tools.
Relative Density. These procedures should only be done by experienced geotechnical professionals. Sometimes soils feel hard, but are not compact.
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